New Cyberbullying provisions now in effect

The Protecting Canadians From Online Crime Act went into effect on March 9, 2015. The new legislation makes it an offence punishable by indictment under the Criminal Code to share intimate images without the consent of the person in the image. The purpose of this offence is to protect an individual’s right to privacy. Children…

Cyberbullying, Social Media Networks And Sentencing of Adults Preying on Children : Court Strikes a Hard Blow

Guest Blogger: Brock Jones, Crown Law Criminal How should the courts address appropriate sentences for online predators who prey on vulnerable children through various forms of cyberbullying? This was the question put squarely to the Alberta Court of Appeal in R v Mackie (2014 ABCA 221). Background Statistics Canada reported this summer that the traditional…

Changes to the YCJA in 2012

This list highlights the most important changes made to the Youth Criminal Justice Act, 2001 (YCJA) under the Safe Streets and Communities Act, 2012 (SSCA).  1)      The definition of “serious violent offence” is changed from a discretionary judicial determination to a list of five serious charges: first degree murder, second degree murder, attempt to commit…

Refugee health care changes to take place on November 5, 2014

In June 2012, the Federal government made substantial cuts to healthcare insurance provided to refugee claimants under the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP). The Canadian Doctors for Refugee Care (CDRC), the Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers (CARL) and Justice for Children and Youth (JFCY) filed an application for judicial review of these cuts, along with…

“Especially” and “Particularly”: How The Charter Rights of Children Are Finally Being Granted Unique Consideration By The Courts

Should children be entitled to different constitutional protections from the courts than similarly situated adults? Canadian law has long recognized the inherent vulnerability of children and the need to provide them with particular protections in a variety of contexts. Yet, surprisingly, the courts have been reluctant to explicitly hold that the Charter of Rights and…

JFCY supports Children and Youth in Care Day

STATEMENT Toronto, Ontario, 14 May 2014 – Justice for Children and Youth (JFCY) is pleased to recognize Ontario’s first annual Children and Youth in Care Day, and affirm our dedication to assisting youth in and leaving care. Our clinic regularly helps young people navigate the often complex web of legal and non-legal issues that come…

R v Manitowabi: The Significance – and Limits – of a Diagnosis of FASD for Young Persons Involved in the Criminal Justice System

Guest post by Brock Jones, Crown Counsel [1] The Ontario Court of Appeal released a ground-breaking decision today on the significance of a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (“FASD”) for young persons in criminal. While the Court clearly acknowledged the nature of FASD and its implications for criminal culpability, it also put significant limits…

Youth Medical Rights

A person can encounter many healthcare problems over the course of his or her life. From broken arms, mental health needs, to unwanted pregnancies, there are many scenarios in which youth require healthcare services. While many believe that youth health issues are up to their parents and/or legal guardians, young people have many rights that…