Mary Birdsell (she/her), B.A., LL.B. – Executive Director

Mary Birdsell, B.A., LL.B., is the Executive Director of Justice for Children and Youth (JFCY). Mary has been a lawyer at JFCY since she was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1996. She is one of Canada’s leading experts on children’s rights in a broad array of legal subjects; in particular, with expertise on the application of the UN Convention on the Rights of Children in domestic law. For over 25 years she has been a tireless advocate for individual young people facing significant adversity.

Mary has been active in all areas of JFCY’s work, including direct representation of young people, test case litigation, public legal education, community development, systemic law reform, and mentoring and supporting child rights advocates in our office and beyond. She has been instrumental in increasing access to justice for young people, including services for homeless and unstably housed young people, through the creation of JFCY’s innovative Street Youth Legal Services program.

Mary has advocated on a range of youth justice issues at all levels of court, including the Supreme Court of Canada, as well as tribunals and inquests. She has been extensively involved at the local community level, and provincial, national, and international levels. She works with people from public school students to lawyers, judges and other professionals educating about the rights of children and the law as it affects young people across a range of legal subjects – including children’s rights, youth criminal justice, rights to education, privacy, child protection, health, mental health, incarceration, homelessness, and the legal representation of children.

Mary is the Chair of the CBA Child and Youth Law section; a board member of A Way Home Canada; a member of the OBA’s Access to Justice committee; was a founder, and is a past chair of the OBA’s Child and Youth Law section; is a former board member of the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children; and has been involved in many committees and activities to advance the rights of children including Ryerson University’s Cross-Over Project; Legal Aid Ontario’s Criminal Justice Advisory committee; the Ministry for Children and Youth Services Provincial Roundtable on Youth Criminal Justice; the OCL’s VYSA advisory group; and on the development committee of 311 Jarvis Court’s mental health diversion court.

Mary is a co-author of Prosecuting and Defending Youth Criminal Justice Cases, 2d. ed. (Toronto: Emond Publishing, 2019). In recent years Mary has been the recipient of the Senate of Canada’s Sesquicentennial Medal (2018), the Law Foundation of Ontario’s Guthrie Award (2018), Legal Aid Ontario’s Sidney B. Linden Award (2018), the Bertha Wilson Honour Society of Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law (2020), the Law Society of Ontario’s J. Shirley Denison Award (2020), and the Children’s Aid Foundation of Canada’s Lynn Factor Stand Up for Kids Award (2021).


Emily Chan (she/her), Hons. B.A., LL.B. – Staff Lawyer, Litigation and Community Development

Emily has been with JFCY since 2003. In addition to her litigation work, Emily dedicates time towards Community Development, and was formerly the Street Youth Legal Services Lawyer. In the community development role, Emily participates in a variety of community initiatives, facilitates legal education presentations in schools and other settings for youth and front-line staff who work with youth; organizes and presents at numerous conferences; is JFCY’s content manager; and serving as a board member and the Treasurer for the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children. In litigation, she represented JFCY before the Supreme Court of Canada on an intervention about the definition of “violent offence” under the Youth Criminal Justice Act, represented JFCY and the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children in an intervention about the rights of a child found in armed combat overseas (Omar Khadr), represented JFCY in an intervention about the legal obligation to the consider the Best Interests of the Child when a child seeks to remain in Canada on humanitarian and compassionate grounds; and represented JFCY before the Federal Court as an applicant in a constitutional challenge to the Federal Government’s cuts to refugee health care. Emily is on the board of the Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law and Education; and on the Executive of the Education Law section and the Constitutional, Civil Liberties and Human Rights Law section of the Ontario Bar Association. Emily graduated from Queen’s Law School, articled at the Ontario Superior Court of Justice as the dedicated Divisional Court law clerk, and was called to the Bar in Ontario in 2002.


Samira Mobina Ahmed (she/her), LL.B. – Litigation Lawyer 

Samira joined JFCY during her articles and has remained with JFCY since her call to the Bar in Ontario in 2012. Samira’s practice focuses on representing youth with intersecting legal issues including youth criminal justice, child protection, mental health, immigration, education and disability. She strives to provide comprehensive solution focused legal services. She has appeared in front of many tribunals and at all levels of court. Samira is a long standing member of the Children’s Rights Academic Network through the Landon Pearson Center for Childhood and Children’s Rights. Samira has a passion for children’s rights that dates back to her childhood. She founded numerous successful youth programs in her hometown Ottawa including a program that gives youth a voice in municipal politics (the Ottawa Youth Commission) and a news medium created for youth by youth (FYBY News) and has received national and local awards for her grassroots work with children and youth including the YWCA Young Woman of Distinction and the Flare Volunteer of the Year Award. She has spoken about bullying at local and international bullying conferences. She is a former board member of the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children.


Jane Stewart (she/her), B.Sc. (Hons.), J.D. – Litigation Lawyer

Jane is an experienced and dedicated advocate who is passionate about assisting vulnerable young people and the promotion of youth and child rights. Jane has appeared before all levels of court in Ontario as well as the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal and a number of administrative tribunals; and has co-written a number of JFCY’s law reform submissions. Jane is on the Executive of the Children and Youth law section of the OBA. Jane graduated from the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law and articled with the federal Department of Justice’s Legal Excellence program with a particular focus on criminal and human rights law. Following her call to the Bar of Ontario in 2010, Jane remained with Department of Justice for several years before joining a boutique litigation firm where her practice focused on Aboriginal law and child welfare.


Allison P. Williams (she/her), B.A. (Hons.), M.A., J.D. – Litigation Lawyer

Allison joined JFCY in October 2019 to provide summary legal assistance and referrals to JFCY callers; and is now in the role of Litigation Lawyer. Allison originally hails from Northwestern Ontario and attended Osgoode Hall Law School after completing a BA from Queen’s University and a MA from the University of Toronto. While at Osgoode, Allison received an Ian Scott Public Interest Fellowship and spent a summer working for the Ground Council Treaty # 3 Women’s Council. Following law school, Allison articled at the Office of the Children’s Lawyer before being called to the bar in Ontario in 2016. Prior to joining JFCY, Allison spent several years working at a small firm practicing primarily immigration and refugee law, administrative law, and family law.


Athena Caldarola (she/her) – Community Development Worker, Law Clerk


Sarah Pole (she/her), B.A., LL.B. – Director, Childhood Arrivals Support & Advocacy Program (CASA)

Called to the New Zealand bar in 1997, Sarah practiced family, employment and immigration law before moving to Canada in 2002. She has extensive experience in youth justice education and has focused in particular on youth facing personal and systemic barriers to education success, and on increasing legal sector diversity. The founder and Director of CASA – Childhood Arrivals Support & Advocacy Program, Sarah’s former roles include Executive Director of the Law in Action Within Schools (LAWS) Program which is the youth outreach partnership of the University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Osgoode Hall Law School at York University; Acting Director of Education for the Canadian Civil Liberties Association; and Director of Provincial Programs for the Ontario Justice Education Network. Sarah’s commitment to ensuring education access and success for young people has been recognized with awards including a Law Foundation of Ontario Community Leadership in Justice Fellowship, and a Toronto Foundation Vital People Award.

Gnanushan Krishnapillai (Na-nu; he/him) – Education & Outreach Manager, Childhood Arrivals Support & Advocacy Program (CASA)

Gnanushan joined JFCY after working in community programming for children and youth. His background is in public health and youth outreach. His work revolves around creating safer spaces for children and youth. He is inspired by his hometown of Scarborough, where he grew up watching community members engage in development, activism, and mutual aid without institutional support. Through his role as Outreach Manager for the Childhood Arrivals Support & Advocacy Program (CASA), Gnanushan is working to develop a robust and multi-faceted support network for youth living in Ontario without immigration status.

Kaffie Abdirashid (Ka-fi-ya; she/her) – Education Advocate, Toronto Northwest Justice Centre

Kaffie joined JFCY as the Education Advocate for the Toronto Northwest Justice Centre following her call to the bar in July 2021. As a lawyer and trained social worker, Kaffie assists young people who are at the intersection of youth criminal justice and education law to access, and successfully navigate, the school system. She advocates with young people and their families for their right to attend school, access special education supports and appeal disciplinary measures. Kaffie also works with families and schools to promote student (re)engagement and success. Prior to joining JFCY, Kaffie articled at a boutique litigation firm where she assisted with complex civil litigation matters involving professional liability.

Candice Suter (she/her), Litigation Lawyer 

Jin Chien (she/her), Litigation Lawyer 

Katherine Long (she/her), Litigation Lawyer 

Lisa Salenga (she/her) – Administrative Assistant

Aisha Green (she/her) – Office Manager

Miriam Roger (she/her) – Program Manager


Claire Millgate (she/her) – B.A., LL.B – Street Youth Legal Services Lawyer (on leave)

As the Street Youth Legal Services (SYLS) lawyer at JFCY, Claire provides advice and representation to youth aged 16 to 25 years old who are homeless or unstably housed.  Each week she visits shelters in and around Toronto, providing advice and legal assistance to vulnerable young people.  She also provides workshops to youth and engages broadly with sector stakeholders to address youth homelessness and justice issues. Claire began her work with JFCY as the intake lawyer in 2017-18.  In June 2018 she returned to JFCY and has been in the SYLS role since September 2019. Claire has experience in all areas of youth law, including youth criminal justice, child protection, education, human rights, mental health and immigration. Prior to joining JFCY, Claire was an associate at a family law firm, where her work focused on the intersection of family and Indigenous law in child protection matters. Claire was called to the bar in both Ontario and her home jurisdiction of New South Wales, Australia in 2015.

Karien Gibson (she/her) – Office Manager (on leave)

Karien is originally from Kitchener-Waterloo and has worked in the non-profit sector for several years. Her volunteer work has included the Gatehouse, which address the needs of children and their families, youth and adults whose lives have been affected by childhood abuse.