R v LTH [Police Interrogation of Young People]

Court: Supreme Court of Canada, 2008

JFCY intervened at the Supreme Court of Canada in a case against a young person from Nova Scotia. The young person had been charged with dangerous driving causing bodily harm. When he was taken to the police station, the police went through a standard form with him, telling him about his right to refuse to answer questions or to have a lawyer or other adult present. While the officer was reading the form, the responses of the young person seemed to indicate that he did not understand the nature of the form.

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R v KM et al [DNA samples]

Court: Ontario Court of Appeal, 2011

JFCY intervened at both the Ontario Court of Justice and the Ontario Court of Appeal in this case about whether it is constitutional to compel the taking of DNA samples from young people who have been found guilty of designated offences, under ss. 487.051(1) and (2) of the Criminal Code.

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KB and TM v Toronto District School Board and Louie Papathanasakis (principal) Emery Collegiate Institute (Court file 55/06) [School transfers]

Court: Ontario Divisional Court, 2006

JFCY intervened as a “friend of the court” at a judicial review at the Ontario Divisional Court. Lawyers at JFCY would have argued that a principal and school board cannot use powers under ss. 265 (1)(m) and 305 of the Education Act to transfer students to another school once the student’s suspensions have been completed and they would otherwise return to their…

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Jackson v Toronto Catholic District School Board et al [Expulsions, Fair Hearing, Right to an Education]

Court: Ontario Divisional Court, 2006

JFCY was granted intervener standing in a judicial review of an expulsion of an 11 year old boy from a Toronto school. This is one of the first cases before the Ontario Divisional Court to address the application of the Safe Schools Act which has led to a significant increase in the number of students expelled from Ontario public schools.

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R v Banks [Challenge of the Safe Streets Act]

Court: Ontario Court of Appeal, 2006

JFCY represented some young people who were ticketed under the Safe Streets Act for squeegeeing and panhandling.  The defendants challenged the constitutionality of the Safe Streets Act, 1999 (the Act), on several grounds. The Act prohibits squeegeeing and “aggressive panhandling” with penalties under the Provincial Offences Act.  On behalf of the defendants in the case, JFCY argued that the Act offends the Constitution in the…

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AC v. Director of Child and Family Services [Manitoba] [Health Care, Consent and Capacity]

Court: Supreme Court of Canada, 2008

JFCY was granted intervener status in a case where, A.C., a 14 year old girl challenged provisions in Manitoba’s child welfare legislation that authorized child protection authorities to override her refusal of a blood transfusion through a court order. She was found by doctors to have capacity to make medical decisions, but the court ruled that a blood transfusion was in her best interests and ordered that she be forced to undergo the procedure.

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R v JZS [child victim, child witness, testifying]

Court: Supreme Court of Canada, 2010

JFCY was granted intervener standing in a case in which an accused was challenging the provisions of the Criminal Code and the Canada Evidence Act that governs the manner in which children can testify in court. JZS was convicted of sexually assaulting his son and daughter. At the time of the offences, the children were…

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